Tiene lonja = She has love handles, midsection fat. Also: lonjas, lonjita(s). Informal.
Chamorro = calf (leg). More formally: pantorrilla.
Adiós = goodbye, but for informal or temporary absences, nos vemos and hasta luego are more common.
Hola = hello, but mostly used with people you know. The first greeting of the day is usually Buenos días.
La república is short for la república mexicana = Mexico. In the whole country = en toda la república.