Me disparó los tacos = She treated me to tacos, paid for our tacos. Informal.
Le dispararon en la pierna = He got shot in the leg, with le. Unstated direct object is bala, bullet.
Documentar dos maletas = Check two pieces of luggage. Carry-on luggage = equipaje de mano.
A documentary = un documental. A short (film) = un cortometraje.
Examen extraordinario = a make-up test, a second chance to pass an exam you previously failed.
Perilla = a knob or dial to adjust something, for example, on a stove.
Parrilla = a grill surface, for barbecue or tacos. Coal = carbón.